Visual Servoing Platform  version 3.2.0 under development (2018-10-24)
templateTracker.cpp

Example of template tracking.

/****************************************************************************
*
* This file is part of the ViSP software.
* Copyright (C) 2005 - 2017 by Inria. All rights reserved.
*
* This software is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
* See the file LICENSE.txt at the root directory of this source
* distribution for additional information about the GNU GPL.
*
* For using ViSP with software that can not be combined with the GNU
* GPL, please contact Inria about acquiring a ViSP Professional
* Edition License.
*
* See http://visp.inria.fr for more information.
*
* This software was developed at:
* Inria Rennes - Bretagne Atlantique
* Campus Universitaire de Beaulieu
* 35042 Rennes Cedex
* France
*
* If you have questions regarding the use of this file, please contact
* Inria at visp@inria.fr
*
* This file is provided AS IS with NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, INCLUDING THE
* WARRANTY OF DESIGN, MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
*
* Description:
* Example of template tracking.
*
* Authors:
* Amaury Dame
* Aurelien Yol
* Fabien Spindler
*
*****************************************************************************/
#include <iostream>
#include <visp3/core/vpConfig.h>
#if defined(VISP_HAVE_MODULE_TT) && defined(VISP_HAVE_DISPLAY)
#include <visp3/core/vpDebug.h>
#include <visp3/core/vpHomogeneousMatrix.h>
#include <visp3/core/vpIoTools.h>
#include <visp3/core/vpMath.h>
#include <visp3/gui/vpDisplayD3D.h>
#include <visp3/gui/vpDisplayGDI.h>
#include <visp3/gui/vpDisplayGTK.h>
#include <visp3/gui/vpDisplayOpenCV.h>
#include <visp3/gui/vpDisplayX.h>
#include <visp3/io/vpImageIo.h>
#include <visp3/io/vpParseArgv.h>
#include <visp3/io/vpVideoReader.h>
#include <visp3/tt/vpTemplateTrackerSSD.h>
#include <visp3/tt/vpTemplateTrackerSSDESM.h>
#include <visp3/tt/vpTemplateTrackerSSDForwardAdditional.h>
#include <visp3/tt/vpTemplateTrackerSSDForwardCompositional.h>
#include <visp3/tt/vpTemplateTrackerSSDInverseCompositional.h>
#include <visp3/tt/vpTemplateTrackerZNCCForwardAdditional.h>
#include <visp3/tt/vpTemplateTrackerZNCCInverseCompositional.h>
#include <visp3/tt/vpTemplateTrackerWarpAffine.h>
#include <visp3/tt/vpTemplateTrackerWarpHomography.h>
#include <visp3/tt/vpTemplateTrackerWarpHomographySL3.h>
#include <visp3/tt/vpTemplateTrackerWarpRT.h>
#include <visp3/tt/vpTemplateTrackerWarpSRT.h>
#include <visp3/tt/vpTemplateTrackerWarpTranslation.h>
#ifdef VISP_HAVE_MODULE_TT_MI
#include <visp3/tt_mi/vpTemplateTrackerMIESM.h>
#include <visp3/tt_mi/vpTemplateTrackerMIForwardAdditional.h>
#include <visp3/tt_mi/vpTemplateTrackerMIForwardCompositional.h>
#include <visp3/tt_mi/vpTemplateTrackerMIInverseCompositional.h>
#endif
#define GETOPTARGS "cdhi:l:pt:w:"
#ifndef DOXYGEN_SHOULD_SKIP_THIS
typedef enum {
WARP_AFFINE,
WARP_HOMOGRAPHY,
WARP_HOMOGRAPHY_SL3,
WARP_SRT,
WARP_TRANSLATION,
#ifdef VISP_HAVE_MODULE_TT_MI
WARP_RT,
#endif
WARP_LAST
} WarpType;
typedef enum {
TRACKER_SSD_ESM,
TRACKER_SSD_FORWARD_ADDITIONAL,
TRACKER_SSD_FORWARD_COMPOSITIONAL,
TRACKER_SSD_INVERSE_COMPOSITIONAL, // The most efficient
TRACKER_ZNCC_FORWARD_ADDITIONEL,
TRACKER_ZNCC_INVERSE_COMPOSITIONAL,
#ifdef VISP_HAVE_MODULE_TT_MI
TRACKER_MI_ESM,
TRACKER_MI_FORWARD_ADDITIONAL,
TRACKER_MI_FORWARD_COMPOSITIONAL,
TRACKER_MI_INVERSE_COMPOSITIONAL, // The most efficient
#endif
TRACKER_LAST
} TrackerType;
#endif
void usage(const char *name, const char *badparam, const WarpType &warp_type, TrackerType &tracker_type,
const long &last_frame);
bool getOptions(int argc, const char **argv, std::string &ipath, bool &click_allowed, bool &display, bool &pyramidal,
WarpType &warp_type, TrackerType &tracker_type, long &last_frame);
void usage(const char *name, const char *badparam, const WarpType &warp_type, TrackerType &tracker_type,
const long &last_frame)
{
fprintf(stdout, "\n\
Example of template tracking.\n\
\n\
SYNOPSIS\n\
%s [-i <test image path>] [-c] [-d] [-p] \n\
[-w <warp type>] [-t <tracker type>] \n\
[-l <last frame number>] [-h]\n", name);
fprintf(stdout, "\n\
OPTIONS: Default\n\
-i <input image path> \n\
Set image input path.\n\
From this path read images \n\
\"cube/image%%04d.pgm\". These \n\
images come from ViSP-images-x.y.z.tar.gz available \n\
on the ViSP website.\n\
Setting the VISP_INPUT_IMAGE_PATH environment\n\
variable produces the same behaviour than using\n\
this option.\n\
\n\
-l <last frame number> %ld\n\
Last frame number to consider.\n\
\n\
-d \n\
Turn off the display.\n\
\n\
-c\n\
Disable the mouse click. Useful to automaze the \n\
execution of this program without humain intervention.\n\
\n", last_frame);
#ifdef VISP_HAVE_MODULE_TT_MI
fprintf(stdout, "\n\
-w <warp type=[0,1,2,3,4,5]> %d\n\
Set the model used to warp the template. \n\
Authorized values are:\n\
%d : Affine\n\
%d : Homography\n\
%d : Homography in SL3\n\
%d : SRT (scale, rotation, translation)\n\
%d : RT (rotation, translation)\n\
%d : Translation\n\n", (int)warp_type, (int)WARP_AFFINE, (int)WARP_HOMOGRAPHY, (int)WARP_HOMOGRAPHY_SL3, (int)WARP_SRT,
(int)WARP_TRANSLATION, (int)WARP_RT);
#else
fprintf(stdout, "\n\
-w <warp type=[0,1,2,3,4]> %d\n\
Set the model used to warp the template. \n\
Authorized values are:\n\
%d : Affine\n\
%d : Homography\n\
%d : Homography in SL3\n\
%d : SRT (scale, rotation, translation)\n\
%d : Translation\n\n", (int)warp_type, (int)WARP_AFFINE, (int)WARP_HOMOGRAPHY, (int)WARP_HOMOGRAPHY_SL3, (int)WARP_SRT,
(int)WARP_TRANSLATION);
#endif
#ifdef VISP_HAVE_MODULE_TT_MI
fprintf(stdout, "\n\
-t <tracker type=[0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9]> %d\n\
Set the tracker used to track the template. \n\
Authorized values are:\n\
%d : SSD ESM\n\
%d : SSD forward additional\n\
%d : SSD forward compositional\n\
%d : SSD inverse compositional\n\
%d : ZNCC forward additional\n\
%d : ZNCC inverse compositional\n\
%d : MI ESM\n\
%d : MI forward additional\n\
%d : MI forward compositional\n\
%d : MI inverse compositional\n\n", (int)tracker_type, (int)TRACKER_SSD_ESM, (int)TRACKER_SSD_FORWARD_ADDITIONAL,
(int)TRACKER_SSD_FORWARD_COMPOSITIONAL, (int)TRACKER_SSD_INVERSE_COMPOSITIONAL,
(int)TRACKER_ZNCC_FORWARD_ADDITIONEL, (int)TRACKER_ZNCC_INVERSE_COMPOSITIONAL, (int)TRACKER_MI_ESM,
(int)TRACKER_MI_FORWARD_ADDITIONAL, (int)TRACKER_MI_FORWARD_COMPOSITIONAL,
(int)TRACKER_MI_INVERSE_COMPOSITIONAL);
#else
fprintf(stdout, "\n\
-t <tracker type=[0,1,2,3,4,5]> %d\n\
Set the tracker used to track the template. \n\
Authorized values are:\n\
%d : SSD ESM\n\
%d : SSD forward additional\n\
%d : SSD forward compositional\n\
%d : SSD inverse compositional\n\
%d : ZNCC forward additional\n\
%d : ZNCC inverse compositional\n\n", (int)tracker_type, (int)TRACKER_SSD_ESM, (int)TRACKER_SSD_FORWARD_ADDITIONAL,
(int)TRACKER_SSD_FORWARD_COMPOSITIONAL, (int)TRACKER_SSD_INVERSE_COMPOSITIONAL,
(int)TRACKER_ZNCC_FORWARD_ADDITIONEL, (int)TRACKER_ZNCC_INVERSE_COMPOSITIONAL);
#endif
fprintf(stdout, "\n\
-p\n\
Enable pyramidal tracking.\n\
\n\
-h \n\
Print the help.\n\n");
if (badparam)
fprintf(stdout, "\nERROR: Bad parameter [%s]\n", badparam);
}
bool getOptions(int argc, const char **argv, std::string &ipath, bool &click_allowed, bool &display, bool &pyramidal,
WarpType &warp_type, TrackerType &tracker_type, long &last_frame)
{
const char *optarg_;
int c;
while ((c = vpParseArgv::parse(argc, argv, GETOPTARGS, &optarg_)) > 1) {
switch (c) {
case 'c':
click_allowed = false;
break;
case 'd':
display = false;
break;
case 'h':
usage(argv[0], NULL, warp_type, tracker_type, last_frame);
return false;
break;
case 'i':
ipath = optarg_;
break;
case 'l':
last_frame = (long)atoi(optarg_);
break;
case 'p':
pyramidal = true;
break;
case 't':
tracker_type = (TrackerType)atoi(optarg_);
break;
case 'w':
warp_type = (WarpType)atoi(optarg_);
break;
default:
usage(argv[0], optarg_, warp_type, tracker_type, last_frame);
return false;
break;
}
}
if (warp_type >= WARP_LAST) {
usage(argv[0], NULL, warp_type, tracker_type, last_frame);
std::cerr << "ERROR: " << std::endl;
std::cerr << " Bad argument -w <warp type> with \"warp type\"=" << (int)warp_type << std::endl << std::endl;
return false;
}
if (tracker_type >= TRACKER_LAST) {
usage(argv[0], NULL, warp_type, tracker_type, last_frame);
std::cerr << "ERROR: " << std::endl;
std::cerr << " Bad argument -t <tracker type> with \"tracker type\"=" << (int)tracker_type << std::endl
<< std::endl;
return false;
}
if ((c == 1) || (c == -1)) {
// standalone param or error
usage(argv[0], NULL, warp_type, tracker_type, last_frame);
std::cerr << "ERROR: " << std::endl;
std::cerr << " Bad argument " << optarg_ << std::endl << std::endl;
return false;
}
return true;
}
int main(int argc, const char **argv)
{
try {
std::string env_ipath;
std::string opt_ipath;
std::string ipath;
bool opt_click_allowed = true;
bool opt_display = true;
bool opt_pyramidal = false;
TrackerType opt_tracker_type = TRACKER_SSD_INVERSE_COMPOSITIONAL;
WarpType opt_warp_type = WARP_AFFINE;
long opt_last_frame = 30;
// Get the visp-images-data package path or VISP_INPUT_IMAGE_PATH
// environment variable value
// Set the default input path
if (!env_ipath.empty())
ipath = env_ipath;
// Read the command line options
if (!getOptions(argc, argv, opt_ipath, opt_click_allowed, opt_display, opt_pyramidal, opt_warp_type,
opt_tracker_type, opt_last_frame)) {
return (-1);
}
// Test if an input path is set
if (opt_ipath.empty() && env_ipath.empty()) {
usage(argv[0], NULL, opt_warp_type, opt_tracker_type, opt_last_frame);
std::cerr << std::endl << "ERROR:" << std::endl;
std::cerr << " Use -i <visp image path> option or set VISP_INPUT_IMAGE_PATH " << std::endl
<< " environment variable to specify the location of the " << std::endl
<< " image path where test images are located." << std::endl
<< std::endl;
return (-1);
}
// Get the option values
if (!opt_ipath.empty())
ipath = vpIoTools::createFilePath(opt_ipath, "mire-2/image.%04d.pgm");
else
ipath = vpIoTools::createFilePath(env_ipath, "mire-2/image.%04d.pgm");
vpVideoReader reader;
reader.setFileName(ipath.c_str());
reader.setFirstFrameIndex(1);
reader.setLastFrameIndex(opt_last_frame);
try {
reader.open(I);
} catch (...) {
std::cout << "Cannot open sequence: " << ipath << std::endl;
return -1;
}
reader.acquire(I);
vpDisplay *display = NULL;
if (opt_display) {
// initialise a display
#if defined VISP_HAVE_X11
display = new vpDisplayX;
#elif defined VISP_HAVE_GDI
display = new vpDisplayGDI;
#elif defined VISP_HAVE_OPENCV
display = new vpDisplayOpenCV;
#elif defined VISP_HAVE_D3D9
display = new vpDisplayD3D;
#elif defined VISP_HAVE_GTK
display = new vpDisplayGTK;
#else
opt_display = false;
#endif
#if defined(VISP_HAVE_DISPLAY)
display->init(I, 100, 100, "Test tracking");
#endif
}
vpTemplateTrackerWarp *warp = NULL;
switch (opt_warp_type) {
case WARP_AFFINE:
break;
case WARP_HOMOGRAPHY:
break;
case WARP_HOMOGRAPHY_SL3:
break;
case WARP_SRT:
break;
case WARP_TRANSLATION:
break;
#ifdef VISP_HAVE_MODULE_TT_MI
case WARP_RT:
break;
#endif
default:
return 0;
}
vpTemplateTracker *tracker = NULL;
switch (opt_tracker_type) {
case TRACKER_SSD_ESM:
tracker = new vpTemplateTrackerSSDESM(warp);
break;
case TRACKER_SSD_FORWARD_ADDITIONAL:
break;
case TRACKER_SSD_FORWARD_COMPOSITIONAL:
break;
case TRACKER_SSD_INVERSE_COMPOSITIONAL:
break;
case TRACKER_ZNCC_FORWARD_ADDITIONEL:
break;
case TRACKER_ZNCC_INVERSE_COMPOSITIONAL:
break;
#ifdef VISP_HAVE_MODULE_TT_MI
case TRACKER_MI_ESM:
tracker = new vpTemplateTrackerMIESM(warp);
break;
case TRACKER_MI_FORWARD_ADDITIONAL:
break;
case TRACKER_MI_FORWARD_COMPOSITIONAL:
break;
case TRACKER_MI_INVERSE_COMPOSITIONAL:
break;
#endif
default:
return 0;
}
tracker->setSampling(2, 2);
tracker->setLambda(0.001);
tracker->setThresholdGradient(60.);
tracker->setIterationMax(800);
if (opt_pyramidal) {
tracker->setPyramidal(2, 1);
}
bool delaunay = false;
if (opt_display && opt_click_allowed)
tracker->initClick(I, delaunay);
else {
std::vector<vpImagePoint> v_ip;
ip.set_ij(166, 54);
v_ip.push_back(ip);
ip.set_ij(284, 55);
v_ip.push_back(ip);
ip.set_ij(259, 284);
v_ip.push_back(ip); // ends the first triangle
ip.set_ij(259, 284);
v_ip.push_back(ip); // start the second triangle
ip.set_ij(149, 240);
v_ip.push_back(ip);
ip.set_ij(167, 58);
v_ip.push_back(ip);
tracker->initFromPoints(I, v_ip, false);
}
while (!reader.end()) {
// Acquire a new image
reader.acquire(I);
std::cout << "Process image number " << reader.getFrameIndex() << std::endl;
// Display the image
// Track the template
tracker->track(I);
// Simulate a re-init
if (reader.getFrameIndex() == 10) {
std::cout << "re-init simulation" << std::endl;
if (opt_click_allowed)
tracker->resetTracker();
if (opt_display && opt_click_allowed) {
vpDisplay::displayText(I, 10, 10, "Re-init simulation", vpColor::red);
tracker->initClick(I, delaunay);
} else {
std::vector<vpImagePoint> v_ip;
ip.set_ij(146, 60);
v_ip.push_back(ip);
ip.set_ij(254, 74);
v_ip.push_back(ip);
ip.set_ij(228, 288);
v_ip.push_back(ip); // ends the first triangle
ip.set_ij(228, 288);
v_ip.push_back(ip); // start the second triangle
ip.set_ij(126, 242);
v_ip.push_back(ip);
ip.set_ij(146, 60);
v_ip.push_back(ip);
tracker->initFromPoints(I, v_ip, false);
}
}
// Display the template
#if 1
tracker->display(I, vpColor::red, 3);
#else
vpTemplateTrackerZone zoneWarped_, zoneRef_ = tracker->getZoneRef();
vpTemplateTrackerWarp *warp_ = tracker->getWarp();
vpColVector p_ = tracker->getp();
warp_->warpZone(zoneRef_, p_, zoneWarped_);
zoneWarped_.display(I, vpColor::red, 3);
zoneRef_.display(I, vpColor::green, 3);
#endif
}
if (opt_click_allowed) {
vpDisplay::displayText(I, 10, 10, "A click to exit...", vpColor::red);
}
reader.close();
if (display)
delete display;
delete warp;
delete tracker;
return EXIT_SUCCESS;
} catch (const vpException &e) {
std::cout << "Catch an exception: " << e << std::endl;
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}
}
#else
int main()
{
std::cout << "visp_tt module or display not available." << std::endl;
return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}
#endif