Visual Servoing Platform  version 3.2.0 under development (2018-08-20)
vpMomentCentered Class Reference

#include <visp3/core/vpMomentCentered.h>

+ Inheritance diagram for vpMomentCentered:

Public Member Functions

 vpMomentCentered ()
virtual ~vpMomentCentered ()
void compute ()
double get (unsigned int i, unsigned int j) const
const std::vector< double > & get () const
const char * name () const
void printWithIndices (std::ostream &os) const
void printDependencies (std::ostream &os) const
Inherited functionalities from vpMoment
const vpMomentObjectgetObject () const
void linkTo (vpMomentDatabase &moments)
void update (vpMomentObject &object)

Protected Member Functions

void set (unsigned int i, unsigned int j, double value)
vpMomentDatabasegetMoments () const

Protected Attributes

std::vector< double > values


VISP_EXPORT std::ostream & operator<< (std::ostream &os, const vpMomentCentered &v)

Detailed Description

This class defines the double-indexed centered moment descriptor $\mu_{ij}$.

In the case of a dense object O, centered moments are defined by:

\[\mu_{ij}= \int \int_{O} (x_k-x_g)^j (y_k-y_g)^j\]

In the case of a discrete set of n points, centered moments are defined by:

\[\mu_{ij}= \sum_{k=1}^{n} (x_k-x_g)^j (y_k-y_g)^j\]

where $(x_g,y_g)$ are the coordinates of the center of gravity.

The centered moments are computed from the object at the highest possible order. For example if the vpMomentObject is defined up to order 5, vpMomentCentered will be too.

Values of vpMomentCentered may be accessed by one of the two vpMomentCentered::get methods. When using vpMomentCentered::get (), the format of the return vector is the following: $ \mu_{ij} $ is stored at vpMomentCentered::get ()[j* (vpMomentObject::getOrder () +1)+i]

vpMomentCentered depends on vpMomentGravityCenter.


Definition at line 79 of file vpMomentCentered.h.

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

vpMomentCentered::vpMomentCentered ( )

Default constructor.

Definition at line 95 of file vpMomentCentered.cpp.

virtual vpMomentCentered::~vpMomentCentered ( )

Definition at line 83 of file vpMomentCentered.h.

References vpMoment::compute().

Member Function Documentation

const std::vector< double > & vpMomentCentered::get ( ) const

Returns all centered moment values $\mu_{ij}$ with $i+j \leq order$ where order is the object's order.

Vector of moment values. To access $\mu_{ij}$, you have to read vpMomentObject::get()[j*order+i].

For example, if the maximal order is 3, the following values are provided:

u00 u10 u20 u01 u11 u21 u02 u12 u12 u30 u03

To have a better reading of the moments you can picture them as a triangular matrix:

u00 u10 u20 u30 u01 u11 u21 x u02 u12 x x u30 x x x

The moments of the same order are on each of the matrix reverse diagonals. To access for example to the centered moment $\mu_{12}$, you should use this kind of code:

double mu12;
mu12 = mc.get()[2*(obj.getOrder()+1)+1]; // i=1 and j=2
mu12 = mc.get(1,2); // the same

Definition at line 135 of file vpMomentCentered.h.

References vpMoment::get().

void vpMoment::linkTo ( vpMomentDatabase data_base)

Links the moment to a database of moment primitives. If the moment depends on other moments, these moments must be linked to the same database.

Two moments of the same class cannot be stored in the same database
#include <visp3/core/vpMomentCentered.h>
#include <visp3/core/vpMomentDatabase.h>
#include <visp3/core/vpMomentGravityCenter.h>
#include <visp3/core/vpMomentObject.h>
#include <visp3/core/vpPoint.h>
int main()
std::vector<vpPoint> vec_p;
p.set_x(1); p.set_y(1); // coordinates in meters in the image plane (vertex 1)
vec_p.push_back(p); p.set_x(2); p.set_y(2); // coordinates in meters in the image plane (vertex 2)
obj.setType(vpMomentObject::DISCRETE); // Discrete mode.
obj.fromVector(vec_p); // Init the dense object with the polygon
vpMomentGravityCenter G; // declaration of gravity center
vpMomentCentered mc; // mc containts centered moments
G.linkTo(db); //add gravity center to database
mc.linkTo(db); //centered moments depend on gravity, add them to the
//database to grant access
G.update(obj); // specify the object for gravity center
mc.update(obj); // and for centered moments
G.compute(); // compute the moment
mc.compute(); //compute centered moments AFTER gravity center
return 0;
data_base: database of moment primitives.

Definition at line 98 of file vpMoment.cpp.

References vpException::memoryAllocationError, and vpMoment::name().

Referenced by vpMomentCommon::getAlpha(), vpMomentCommon::getMu3(), vpMomentCommon::getSurface(), and vpMomentCommon::vpMomentCommon().

const char* vpMomentCentered::name ( ) const

Moment name.

Implements vpMoment.

Definition at line 92 of file vpMomentCentered.h.

References vpMoment::operator<<, and vpMoment::printDependencies().

void vpMomentCentered::printDependencies ( std::ostream &  os) const

Prints moments required for calculation of vpMomentCentered, which are

  1. Raw geometric moments (vpMomentObject) and
  2. Centre of gravity (vpMomentGravityCentered)

Reimplemented from vpMoment.

Definition at line 172 of file vpMomentCentered.cpp.

References vpMomentDatabase::get(), vpMoment::getMoments(), vpMoment::getObject(), vpMomentGravityCenter::getXg(), vpMomentGravityCenter::getYg(), vpException::notInitialized, and vpMomentObject::printWithIndices().

void vpMomentCentered::printWithIndices ( std::ostream &  os) const

Print in a readable form which looks better than output from << operator

Definition at line 154 of file vpMomentCentered.cpp.

References vpMoment::getObject(), and vpMomentObject::getOrder().

void vpMomentCentered::set ( unsigned int  i,
unsigned int  j,
double  value 

To set the values of centred moments. Required when normalizing the moment values.

i: first index of the 2D moment.
j: second index of the 2D moment.
value: value of the moment.

Definition at line 52 of file vpMomentCentered.cpp.

References vpException::badValue, vpMoment::getObject(), vpMomentObject::getOrder(), and vpMoment::values.

void vpMoment::update ( vpMomentObject moment_object)

Updates the moment with the current object. This does not compute any values.

moment_object: object descriptor of the current camera vision.

Definition at line 115 of file vpMoment.cpp.

Friends And Related Function Documentation

VISP_EXPORT std::ostream& operator<< ( std::ostream &  os,
const vpMomentCentered v 

Outputs the centered moment's values $\mu_{ij}$ to a stream presented as a matrix. The first line corresponds to $\mu_{0[0:order]}$, the second one to $\mu_{1[0:order]}$ Values in table corresponding to a higher order are marked with an "x" and not computed.

For example, if the maximal order is 3, the following values are provided:

u00 u10 u20 u30
u01 u11 u21 x
u02 u12 x x
u30 x x x

This output will be followed by an output with indexes as produced by printWithIndices() function

Definition at line 133 of file vpMomentCentered.cpp.

Member Data Documentation